It seems like nearly everything I discussed above is reflected in the Meta ad. To become a front-end developer one needs a good combination of tech-savviness, collaboration skills, and an understanding of product design concepts. They are also responsible for optimizing the performance. Creativity – while front-end developers don’t need the same level of artistry as designers, they still have to be able to think creatively in order to build and deploy websites. To make sure that the end product is visually appealing and in line with UX and UI designers’ vision, front-end engineers have to select the best solution. And there usually is more than one option available.

After all, it’s the foundation behind most of today’s front-end technology. Writing unit tests for the presentational UI component library code to ensure the components look and function properly. Adaptability – technologies change fast and new solutions become available. Front-end developers have to stay up to date with all tech novelties, and quickly pick up new ways of working in order to remain relevant. If engineers can’t let go of outdated technology, the product they build might eventually be outperformed by more innovative competitors. While front-end developers aren’t responsible for the design, per se, they need to be comfortable using tools like Adobe Illustrator, InVision, Sketch, and others.

Our Top Talent

There are no hidden costs, and the longer you work with us, the less it costs you. A front-end developer’s salary will depend on a few factors like their experience and seniority level, the country they’re based in, and the industry they work for. As mentioned earlier, the front-end development cake layers are HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. A back-end developer might be expected to understand these three (as they’re the fundament of today’s software), but they must really excel in back-end languages. Front-end developers wear the accessibility and responsivity badge proudly on their chests. They need to make sure that the website works well for all users, on mobile and desktop.

This stems from how the whole software development process is structured. Designers share the prototypes and visual specifications with front-end devs, who then code the screens according to the designs. “Back-end development, on the other hand, involves interaction with clients and an understanding of how to model How to do FrontEnd Development business domains and relationships. Working with other backend developers and IT to ensure the right technical infrastructure is in place and that the application is able to properly integrate/communicate with non-JavaScript backend code. Here is how a front-end developer’s salary differs on a per-country basis.

Frameworks & Libraries

In a nutshell, HTML is the markup language used to display information on websites. It helps serve up static, ‘raw’ information, like text, forms, buttons, etc., without styling. Here’s where CSS takes over, functioning as a language that adds the visual layer to the site’s info.

  • If you move into full-stack too soon, you can spread yourself thin in your knowledge of all relevant techs.
  • That being said, here are the most common front-end developer skills you’ll want to tick off your hiring list when screening your candidates.
  • They focus on databases, scripting, implementing algorithms, and solving system and website architecture issues.
  • This is an area I’ve been passionate about for a long while, so I’d love to hear about your experience navigating these waters.
  • Optimizing the performance of front-end code in order to create lightweight, fast-loading, snappy, jank-free experiences.

Try out a full-stack bootcamp such as this one on Udemy. If you’re going to do a degree course, pay attention to which units interest you most. I wrote a book called Atomic Design, which covers all that goes into creating and maintaining effective design systems. Architecting and managing JavaScript-based infrastructure, such as Node frameworks, tools, and services. This section will be a tad technical, but bear with me – I’ll try to explain the exact technologies as simply as possible.

Side Projects & Collaborations

Has your organization shifted toward a “front-of-the-front-end/back-of-the-front-end” split? These roles and responsibilities are constantly changing, but the general split between “look and feel” and “functionality” continues to be a decent delineation. Optimizing the performance of JavaScript code in order to create a snappy, responsive application that fetches and fetches/posts data quickly. Working with back-of-the-front-end developers to ensure the front-end code is compatible with back-end code, services, APIs, and other technology architecture. Creating CSS code that control the look and feel of the web experience, tackling colors, typography, responsive layout, animation, and any other visual aspect of the UI. Front-end designers architect resilient CSS code with a focus on modularity, flexibility, compatibility, and extensibility.

However, if you were to explain how it differs from the back-end would you be able to do so without any confusion? Front-end and back-end development are inseparable, one cannot function without the other, yet they aren’t the same thing. In today’s piece, I’m going to focus on what it means to be a modern front-end developer. Before deciding on a niche in either front-end or back-end dev, give both a go.

A succinct way I’ve framed the split is that a front-of-the-front-end developer determines the look and feel of abutton,while a back-of-the-front-end developer determines what happens when thatbuttonis clicked. The most popular front-end development tools are jQuery, Angular, and React. Meanwhile, the most popular backend development tools are MySQL, PostgreSQL, and SQLite . Now that you’ve got a good understanding of front-end developer skills, let’s see how their work overlaps from back-end engineers. Prefer the logical side of programming or love working with data?

JavaScript – 97% of all websites use JS, which makes it a no-brainer for this list. Mozilla has found a neat analogy for JavaScript, calling it the third layer of the web technology cake. It adds the interactive, dynamic element to your otherwise static website created with HTML and CSS. There are a number of JS libraries and frameworks , which are widely used by developers to make it easier to code. This does not mean, however, that front-end engineers can get away with not knowing how to code in pure JavaScript.

Responsibilities In The Software Team

Their work title gives away what they do in terms of software, as front-end engineers combine the logic and functionality with the front, i.e., the user interface. Working with front-of-the-front-end developers to ensure the UI component library contains all the components, variants, and API hooks necessary in order to build the application and all its states. Good listeners – front-end engineers aren’t lone wolves, they’re part of a bigger team that includes UX/UI designers, graphic designers, and back-end developers, among others. To bring concepts into life, they have to be good communicators and even better listeners. Part of their job is to collect requirements from clients and fellow team members and ensure they have a deep understanding of user needs and problems.

JQuery, another popular JS library that lets developers simplify work on the HTML Document Object Model . So, at least a quarter of website projects will call for this skill. This is an area I’ve been passionate about for a long while, so I’d love to hear about your experience navigating these waters.

The average salary of front-end developers in 2021 was $103,981. On the other hand, the average salary of back-end developers was $$118,813 per year. Just like Git, your front-end developer needs to understand how to code asynchronously. So, in layman’s terms, they need to be able to work on different bits of code separately, before merging them into the main code.

Many developers fresh out of university simply fall into whatever area they’re thrown into in their first role post-studies. If you’ve landed a gig at a great company or in a rotational grad program, then it’ll probably work out just fine — you can find your niche after starting out in the role you’re given. For a true full-stack developer this means not just being able to know the front-end and back-end technologies and how to apply them correctly. It also means being able to engineer a full solution — and see where the separation of logic should lie. Authoring and documenting a robust, intuitive component API for each presentational component so developers consuming the component can easily plug whatever they need into to it. Check out our job search page for junior developer and graduate roles, and get set to put those fresh tech skills into action.

Particularly, backend developers, who are responsible for the “backstage” of the site or app, i.e., its server-side application logic, and designers, who provide front-end developers with the designs. When you visit a website or open your favorite app, every element you see, i.e., buttons, animations, images, etc. were created by a front-end developer. They’re responsible for turning lifeless lines of code and website designs into fully functioning products.

Writing application business logic to handle things like CRUD functionality and to control application state, routing, cache, authentication, and so on. In short, back-of-the-front-end developers write the code necessary for the application to function properly. The work of front-end engineers is multidisciplinary, as they work closely with a number of other team members.

The line between front-of-the-front-end and back-of-the-front-end can be fuzzy and varies greatly from developer to developer. It’s totally possible that one developer might be able to perform many tasks across the front-end spectrum. But it’s also worth pointing out that’s not super common. Kasia and Anna have been working together as a content duo for years. They have joined Match Community with a mission to share their experiences and help others in navigating their freelancing careers.

“Think about what interests and excites you, and stay on track with the current trends in role requirements. Have a play in both front- and back-end to get a feel for what you like,” says Dai. Writing end-to-end, integration, and other tests to ensure the application works as intended.

Workshops & Training I educate organizations about design systems, atomic design, responsive design, strategy, and more. I love helping teams understand the concepts, techniques, and tools used to create successful design systems and establish more collaborative workflows. If you’re interested in having me in to give a one or multi-day workshop at your company, get in touch! Consulting I help organizations create successful design systems and bring great web projects to life. If you have a project that could use my frontend help, please feel free to reach out.Writing I write about web design best practices, design systems, responsive design, and other tasty topics on my blog.